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  • Writer's pictureJaney Yee

What is the Difference Between an Optometrist and an Ophthalmologist?

Exploring the Difference Between an Optometrist and an Ophthalmologist

180 Optometry, Kitsilano Optometrist, Vancouver BC.  Eye exams, contact lenses, eye glasses.  Myopia control specialist, myopia management strategies, pediatric optometrist Vancouver.


Whether it’s time for a routine eye exam or you’re dealing with a more complex eye issue, you may be wondering what type of doctor to see. An optometrist and an ophthalmologist are two types of eye care providers, but what is the difference between them? Read on to learn more about the similarities and differences between these eye care specialists.


An optometrist is a primary eye care provider. They are trained to diagnose and treat common conditions, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia. An optometrist is also qualified to prescribe glasses, contact lenses, and other vision aids. Dry eye, glaucoma co-management, myopia control, and binocular vision programs are also specialties optometrist are qualified to manage. Eye exams typically involve testing your vision and refraction, performing a visual acuity test, and checking the overall health of your eyes.


An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in eye health and eye surgery. They are trained to diagnose and treat more complex eye conditions, such as cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachments, and other serious vision-threatening diseases. An ophthalmologist can also perform eye surgeries, such as cataract and laser vision correction.


Both optometrists and ophthalmologists are qualified to provide comprehensive eye exams and can refer you to specialists for more specialized treatments. However, it is important to understand the difference between the two. An optometrist is part of primary care and an ophthalmologist is secondary or tertiary care. An optometrist refers patients to ophthalmologists when more care or surgery is needed.

It is wise to consider your eye health needs before choosing which type of eye care provider to visit.


In conclusion, an optometrist and an ophthalmologist are two different types of eye care providers. Optometrists are primary eye care providers and specialize in diagnosing and treating common vision problems. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialize in more complex eye health issues and perform eye surgeries. Choosing the right eye care provider depends on your individual needs and the type of vision problem you are experiencing.




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